Sanitization systems with UV-C lamps

The health emergency linked to COVID-19 highlighted the importance of hygiene and cleanliness of the environments that we frequent every day, from our home, to the workplace, to our car. Hygiene and cleanliness represent the starting point for living in the best way, as they tend to ward off respiratory disorders, rhinitis, allergies and infections. A simple cleaning operation, however, does not always manage to make an environment truly healthy, especially if it is small (like a car) or frequented by many people. It is for this reason that it becomes essential to sanitize the environments, with specific procedures and techniques.

However, it is important to clarify the difference between cleaning and sanitization (or disinfection). The first must always be preceded by the second.

By cleaning, in fact, we mean everything that concerns the manual or mechanical removal of “visible” dirt of any kind (dust, grease, liquids, etc.), using detergents and / or water. Sanitization or disinfection consists in an intervention aimed at totally or partially destroying the infectious germs present on surfaces and objects or present in the air.

It is in the area of ​​sanitation that Silap offers iJen products that exploit the germicidal properties of UV-C ultraviolet light. When a microorganism is exposed to UV-C rays, the cores of the cells are modified to such an extent that cell division and therefore reproduction are inhibited and the microorganisms destroyed.

Thanks to UVC technology, iJen responds to the need for 360 ° sanitization for environments such as cars, small rooms, work areas (production and goods storage environments, offices), common areas and leisure areas (dining areas, canteens, changing rooms, meeting rooms), means of transport (trains, trams, vehicles, ferries, airplanes, buses), institutions and local authorities (schools, kindergartens, universities, post offices, banks, auditoriums, municipalities) as well as bars, restaurants, cinemas, hospitals, clinics veterinary, churches, condominiums, supermarkets and shopping centers.

The iJen product range is divided into the following series:

    The products of this series you can easily move in different contexts and are suitable for environments in the absence of people (eg. Passenger compartments of vehicles, storage rooms, dressing rooms, medical offices, beauty treatment rooms, hotel rooms)
  • AIR
    Suitable for those who need to sanitize the air present in rooms with or without people avoiding direct exposure to UVC light (houses, offices, shops, gyms, doctors’ offices, clinics, waiting rooms, reception … )
  • DEB30
    It includes products capable of sanitizing used PPE before disposing of it in unsorted waste, allowing the bacterial load to be reduced by up to 90%. Furthermore, the products of the DEB30 series are able to recognize, by means of special sensors, if the inserted object is to be reused and not disposed of, so they can also be used for the periodic sanitization of small objects, which for hygiene reasons require this type of treatment. Patent pending.
    The products in this series include UVC ceiling lights to be positioned on the ceiling for the sanitization of environments with or without people
    This series includes products suitable for sanitizing garments after being worn for trial by customers in a shop
    UVC lamps produced by Helios Italquartz suitable as spare parts within the various iJen products or for the creation of customized sanitation systems

Sanitization with UVC radiation

UVC radiation is characterized by a marked germicidal effect, with a peak of maximum efficacy at the wavelength of 254 nm.

Germicidal UV is provided by a low pressure lamp that emits UV at the germicidal wavelength (254 nm). At this wavelength, UV destroys the molecular bonds of the DNA or RNA of microorganisms, producing thymine or cytosine dimers, destroying them, rendering them harmless or preventing their growth and reproduction.

DNA serves as a database (or memory) of the life form while RNA regulates metabolic processes within the cell and has a double helical structure that contains 4 types of nucleotides, ADENINE, GUANINE, THYMINE, CITOSINE.

RNA is assembled as a chain of nucleotides, but unlike DNA it is more common in nature as a single strand folded back on itself, rather than a double strand coupled.

Ultraviolet light damages DNA and RNA by dimerising the molecules of THYMINE-THYMINE or CITOSINE-THYMINE or CITOSONE-CITOSINE, inhibiting the subsequent transcription of the cell’s genetic code. This dimerization prevents cell reproduction.

The figure below illustrates the dimerization mechanism of the THYMINE-THYMINE molecule in DNA

The degree of inactivation of microorganisms by means of ultraviolet radiation is directly proportional to the applied UVC dose. This UVC dose (measured mJ / cm2) is given by the power of the UVC source (µW / cm2) for the time of exposure to UVC light.

As an example, the table below shows the output power values of our UVC lamps (at 1 m and 10 cm away from the lamp itself) and the UVC dose emitted at 10 cm for 10 sec.

Tab. 1 – Power values and UVC radiation intensity at 1 m and 10 cm

            Expos. Time= 10 sec
Model Power (W) Intensity @ 1 mt Intensity @ 10 cm Dose @ 10cm
UVC 135mm Lamp 4 W 1,90 µW/cm2 0,19 mW/cm2 1,90 mJ/cm2
UVC 203mm Lamp 10 W 25,00 µW/cm2 2,5 mW/cm2 25,00 mJ/cm2
UVC 287mm Lamp 14 W 40,00 µW/cm2 4 mW/cm2 40,00 mJ/cm2
UVC 357mm Lamp 15 W 53,00 µW/cm2 5,3 mW/cm2 53,00 mJ/cm2
UVC 437mm Lamp 21 W 72,00 µW/cm2 7,2 mW/cm2 72,00 mJ/cm2
UVC 587mm Lamp 30 W 95,00 µW/cm2 9,5 mW/cm2 95,00 mJ/cm2
UVC 843mm Lamp 41 W 150,00 µW/cm2 15 mW/cm2 150,00 mJ/cm2

Several scientific researches have studied the behavior of various most common microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, molds …) when irradiated with UVC light and have determined the UVC dose necessary for different levels of inactivation (microbiological abatement -%) by type of microorganisms pathogens.

The table below shows the indicative values of the UVC dose (mJ / cm2) by type of microorganism:

Tab. 2 – Minimum dose required for microbiological abatement

  (UV dose) (mJ/cm2)
%Microbiol. Abatament. 90% 99% 99,90% 99,99%
Batteria 9 14 22 30
Virus 60 111 171 222
Spore 52 93 140 140
Protozoa 45 75 91 125
For more details we attach the complete table

A recent study by the state university of Milan (June 2020), analyzed the impact of UVC radiation on the new Sars-Cov-2 and noted that a dose of 3.7 mJ / cm2 is sufficient to inactivate and inhibit the reproduction of the virus by a factor of 1000, regardless of its concentration.

Additionally, according to a study conducted at Boston University’s School of Medicine by Dr. Anthony Griffiths and his team, a UVC dose of 5 mJ / cm2 produces a 99% reduction in SARS-CoV-2 related viral load in 6 seconds, while a dose equal to 22 mJ / cm2 in 25 seconds reduces this viral load by 99.9999%.

By combining the data of Tab .1 and Tab. 2 we can obtain the UVC dose necessary to obtain the necessary level of sanitation. For example,

  • From Table 2 we know that the value of the UVC dose necessary to obtain a sanitization of 99% (relative to most of the pathogenic microorganisms) is 111 mJ / cm2.
  • From Table 1 we find the lamp gives us the necessary dose (at 10 cm, in 10 sec): a 41 W lamp provides a UVC dose of 150 mJ / cm2 or three 14 W lamps provide: 3 x 40 = 120 mJ / cm2.

It is important to note that the greater the exposure time, the greater the UVC dose irradiated, this means that for the same power (W) of the germicidal lamp, we can obtain a greater UVC dose by increasing the exposure time and, vice versa, I can decrease the exposure times. using lamps with higher power.

The certification

Based on the foregoing, Silap has adopted various testing and verification tools and procedures to ensure the effectiveness and safety of its iJen products:

DOTS Dosimeters UVC for iJen MOVING
Microbiological analysis for the detection of the bacterial load
Bactericidal activity evaluation (laboratory test by the Politecnico di Milano)


iJen products are CE certified and have been found to comply with tests carried out by an accredited body in compliance with the following reference standards:

CEI EN 55014-1:2017 – A11:2020 Electromagnetic compatibility – Standard Requirements for household appliances, electric tools and similar appliances. Part 1: Issuance
CEI EN 55016-1:2015 Specification for radio disturbance and immunity devices and methods.
Part 2-1: Radio disturbance and immunity measurement methods – Measurement of conducted disturbances
CEI EN 55016-2-3:2012 – A2:2014 Specification for radio disturbance and immunity devices and methods.
Part 2-3: Radio disturbance and immunity measurement methods – Measurement of radiated disturbances
CEI EN 61000-3-2:2012 – A2:2018 Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
Part 3-2: Limits – Limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment with input current ≤ 16 A)
CEI EN 61000-3-3:2013 – A1:2019 Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
Part 3-3: Limits – Limitation of voltage variations, voltage fluctuations and flicker in low voltage power supply systems for equipment with rated current ≤ 16 A per phase and not subject to conduction connection
CEI EN 55014-2:2016 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
Standard Requirements for household appliances, power tools and similar appliances Part 2: Immunity
CEI EN 61000-4-2:2011 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)

Part 4-2: Test and measurement techniques – Tests for immunity to static electricity discharges

CEI EN 61000-4-3:2006 – A2:2010 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)

Part 4-3: Test and measurement techniques – Immunity test to radiated radiofrequency electromagnetic fields

CEI EN 61000-4-4:2013 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)

Part 4-4: Test and measurement techniques – Immunity test to transients / bursts of fast electrical pulses

CEI EN 61000-4-5:2014 – AMD 1:2017 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)

Part 4-5: Test and measurement techniques – Impulse immunity test

CEI EN 61000-4-6:2013 – COR 1:2015 Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)

Part 4-6: Test and Measurement Techniques – Immunity to conducted disturbances induced by radiofrequency field

CEI EN 61000-4-9:2013 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)

Part 4-9: Test and measurement techniques – Power frequency magnetic field immunity test

CEI EN 61000-4-11:2004 – A1:2017 Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)

Part 4-11: Test and measurement techniques – Immunity test to voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations

CEI EN 61010-1:2010

CEI EN 61010-2-40:2015

Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control and use in the laboratory.

Part 1: General requirements

Part 2-040: Specific requirements for sterilizers and apparatus for washing and disinfecting medical material

IEC 62471:2006
IEC 62471:2008
Lamps photobiological safety: risk evaluation scheme

UV technology for sanitization

The germicidal ultraviolet radiation is produced by a mercury vapor lamp that emits UV mainly at two wavelengths, 254 nm and optionally 185 nm:

  • At 254 nm the energy emitted has a maximum peak that allows the destruction of the molecular bonds of the DNA / RNA of the microorganisms, preventing their growth and reproduction, thus rendering them harmless.
  • At 185 nm, the energy emitted is lower but sufficient to ensure that a small amount of ozone is produced, which with its oxidizing power makes viruses and bacteria inactive by inhibiting the bond with the cell wall to be invaded. Ozone also has an effect of eliminating bad odors.

Mercury vapor mercury vapor lamps can be divided into the following types:

  • Mercury vapor UV lamps: efficiency around 40% of UV-C
  • UV amalgam lamps: efficiency around 45% of UV-C